Early Signs of Heart Attack | Norton Healthcare Louisville, Ky.

9 Early Signs of a Heart Attack

Early signs of a heart attack occur in more than 50 percent of heart attack patients. Recognizing these early symptoms can lead to treatment before heart damage.

Early signs of a heart attack, or “beginnings,” occur in more than 50 percent of people who have a heart attack. If recognized in time, these early symptoms can be treated before the heart is damaged.

A diagram shows the source of pain radiating down the left arm, one of the early signs of heart attack

Early signs of a heart attack

Someone may experience any or all of the following symptoms. When they start, they can be mild or come and go. Over time, the symptoms and pain increase until the victim collapses.

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Heart attacks in men versus women

Men may experience different signs of a heart attack from women. Why does it matter? Women are less likely to seek immediate medical care and are more likely to die from a heart attack.

  • Men normally feel pain and numbness in the left arm or side of chest. In women, these symptoms may appear on the right side. 
  • Women may feel completely exhausted, drained, dizzy or nauseous. 
  • Women may feel upper back pain that travels up into the jaw. 
  • Women may think stomach pain is the flu, heartburn or an ulcer.

How can you prevent a heart attack?

Eighty-five percent of heart damage occurs within the first two hours of a heart attack. Know these early signs of a heart attack and act on them immediately — before heart damage occurs.

  • Be alert for a heart attack in yourself or someone around you. Becoming an active bystander could save a life. 
  • When in doubt, call 911 at the early signs of heart attack. First responders have the medical technology to quickly save a life.

Heart attack risk factors

Several risk factors increase your chance of having a heart attack. Many are controllable by making changes to your lifestyle. Discuss your personal risk factors with your doctor, including:

  • Chest pain, pressure, aching or tightness that may come and go 
  • A family history of heart disease 
  • High blood pressure 
  • Overweight or obese 
  • Sedentary lifestyle 
  • Using tobacco products 
  • Metabolic disease, diabetes or other illness 
  • For women: Using birth control pills, a history of pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes or having a baby with low birth weight

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Norton Heart & Vascular Institute specialists treat more people for heart and vascular care — about 250,000 every year — than any other provider in Louisville and Southern Indiana.

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