What you’ve been calling sinus headaches very well may be migraines, and the way you’ve been seeking relief may be making things worse.
You live in Louisville or Southern Indiana, so you get sinus headaches, right? Well, maybe not. They very well could be migraines, and the way you’ve been treating them actually may be giving you more headaches.
As many as 86% of those who thought they had sinus headaches were actually experiencing migraines, according to a study published in Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain. Just 3% had headaches related to their sinuses.
“We’ll often see patients who say, ‘I’ve had sinus headaches for years. I live in Kentucky,’ but once they describe their symptoms it becomes clear they’ve been getting migraines around the fall and spring every year,” said Mandy J. Whitt, M.D., a headache specialist with Norton Neuroscience Institute.
Common over-the-counter treatments for sinus headaches actually can cause more issues for those who experience migraines.
Taking acetaminophen, ibuprofen, aspirin or naproxen more than 10 days a month can trigger medication overuse headaches. Prescription drugs such as opiates, triptans, dihydroergotamine and butalbital — a barbiturate sometimes combined with other medications for headache treatment — all can trigger medication overuse headaches even faster.
“It can make the headaches worse. Then, after you stop the medicine, the headache reverts to its previous pattern within two months,” Dr. Whitt said.
The first course of treatment for many who experience migraine headachesis to eliminate medication overuse.
Norton Neuroscience Institute
The area’s leading providers of migraine and headache care are now available with Norton Telehealth and shorter wait times for appointments.
New migraine treatments
A new treatment for migraine, gepants, block CGRP — a protein in the brain that has been identified as a migraine trigger. The treatments have a relatively low risk of serious side effects and a low risk of medication overuse headaches.
Currently there are two gepants available by prescription and two more on the way, according to Dr. Whitt. Ubrogepant and rimegepant are only for acute migraine treatments. Both can be taken orally as needed. After two hours, about 20% of patients are free of pain. The drugs are not recommended during breastfeeding or pregnancy.
Of the other two, one is planned as a migraine preventer and the other is a nasal spray for acute migraine treatment.