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When you have diabetes, there is too much glucose (sugar) in your blood. Over time, if it is not controlled, diabetes can cause serious health issues, such as heart disease, stroke and blindness. There is no cure for diabetes, but working with your physician, you can control it.
The providers at Norton Community Medical Associates – Endocrinology and Norton Community Medical Associates primary care offices treat more diabetic patients in the region than any other health system. Patients choose Norton Healthcare for the network of providers and support services, educators and classes.
Prediabetes means the amount of glucose in your blood is higher than normal. If you have prediabetes, you are at risk for serious health problems, such as Type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke.
People with Type 1 diabetes cannot make their own insulin, so they need to inject it daily. Insulin does not come in a pill. Some people use an insulin pump. They need to wear it at all times and it delivers a steady flow of insulin. Others may use a new type of inhaled insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Overweight people are more likely to get Type 2 diabetes.The food you eat turns into glucose. Your blood carries glucose to other parts of the body. Your body depends on glucose for energy.
When you have diabetes, your body has trouble turning glucose into energy. Instead, the glucose builds up in your blood. Since it isn’t converted into energy, you feel sluggish.
Type 2 diabetes may respond to treatment with exercise, diet and medication taken by mouth. There are several types of medicines used to lower blood glucose in Type 2 diabetes. You and your doctor will discuss which medication is best for you. Sometimes your doctor will prescribe insulin combined with other medication.
You may be at risk for Type 2 diabetes if you:
Many people with diabetes do not know they have the disease. Some signs of diabetes include:
Not everyone who has diabetes has these signs. If you have any of these signs or think you may be at risk, talk with your doctor.
Take these steps to prevent or delay Type 2 diabetes:
Starting at age 18, get your blood pressure checked at least once every two years. It’s important to get your blood pressure checked often, especially if you are over age 40. Talk to a doctor about getting your cholesterol checked. Most men need their cholesterol checked at least once every five years. Women at risk for heart disease need their cholesterol checked every five years.
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