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Prediabetes describes higher-than-normal blood sugar or glucose, but not high enough to be Type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes puts you at risk for Type 2 diabetes and other serious conditions such as heart disease and stroke.

Prediabetes often has no symptoms, so screening by your primary care provider is the best way to spot this condition.

Prediabetes Risk Factors

  • Overweight
  • 45 years of age or older
  • Have a parent or sibling with Type 2 diabetes
  • Physically active less than 3 times a week
  • Have ever been diagnosed with gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy) or given birth to a baby who weighed more than 9 pounds
  • Being African American, Hispanic or Latino, Native American or Alaska Native person (Some Pacific Islander and Asian American people are also at higher risk.)

How is Prediabetes Diagnosed?

Your provider will draw a blood sample to measure the amount of glucose in the blood. Often, an average over three months is established to diagnose prediabetes. The test is called hemoglobin A1C. A reading above the normal range but not yet in the range of diabetes results in a prediabetes diagnosis.

For example, a glucose test taken when you haven’t eaten would be normal with a reading of below 100 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). Prediabetes is the diagnosis for someone with a reading of 100 mg/dL to 125 mg/dL. A result higher than 125 mc/dL would suggest a diabetes diagnosis. Hemoglobin A1C, measured as a percentage, also can signal prediabetes. Hemoglobin A1C of between 5.7% and 6.4% suggests prediabetes.

How to Reverse Prediabetes

Reversing prediabetes starts with increasing your weekly physical activity, fiber intake and improving overall health with good sleep habits and mental health care. Weight loss can occur for some when these changes are made consistently. While it is important to implement these changes, many small adjustments over time are needed to reverse prediabetes.

While there is no prescribed “prediabetes diet,” there are certain guidelines. For example, eating too many carbohydrates at once — especially of the refined and processed varieties — will cause your blood sugar to spike. Vegetables, beans and whole grains are carbohydrates that are less likely to spike blood sugar after meals because they take longer to digest. Eating more calories than your body needs can make insulin resistance worse. Incorporate protein from lean meats, poultry, fish and legumes. Avoid sugary beverages, and instead drink lots of water.

Prediabetes On-demand Video Series

The Norton Healthcare prediabetes on-demand video series is an online, self-driven, educational program designed to support you in reversing prediabetes. Videos may be viewed on your own time. You will receive a link in your email within 24 hours after registration.


Why Choose Norton Community Medical Associates – Endocrinology

  • More people with diabetes or endocrine or hormonal conditions in Louisville and Southern Indiana choose Norton Community Medical Associates – Endocrinology and Wendy Novak Diabetes Institute for their care than any other health system in the area.
  • Access specialized diabetic and endocrinology care at five Norton Community Medical Associates – Endocrinology locations. Saturday hours help fit your care into your schedule.
  • Fellowship-trained and board-certified endocrinologists provide a comprehensive and inclusive approach.
  • The largest diabetes support program in Kentucky, supported by Wendy Novak Diabetes Institute, offers a team of certified diabetes educators, endocrinology nurse navigators and support groups.
  • Comprehensive support helps patients transition from Norton Children’s pediatric diabetes care to Norton Healthcare’s adult services.
  • Patients benefit from our deep commitment to innovation and advancing the science of hormonal care through research and a partnership with Wendy Novak Diabetes Institute.
  • Communicate with your provider, manage appointments, refill prescriptions and more from a mobile device or computer with your free MyNortonChart account.

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