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Hip joint pain is a common complaint and has many possible causes. You can experience pain and discomfort deep in the joint itself, or in the surrounding tissues, muscles, ligaments and tendons. You might not feel pain from a damaged hip joint in the hip area itself. It may be felt in the groin, thigh or even the knee. The hip joint is one of the most stable joints in the body, but since it bears your weight, it is more likely to develop issues related to age, weight and several other factors.
This short online assessment will guide you on next steps for your knee or hip pain. Find out if it’s time to talk to one of our orthopedic specialists.
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The hip is made up of two bones — the thigh bone (femur) and pelvis (which is made of three bones — the ilium, ischium and pubis). It is also made up of ligaments, tendons and muscles. Damage to these parts of the hip can cause discomfort, limited range of mobility, stiffness and pain. Hip pain can be triggered by injury or develop slowly as a symptom of a medical condition. Depending on the cause, pain may be mild to severe and may respond to a variety of treatments.
Structural or Mechanical
These are conditions that result from bones being out of place or abnormally shaped, or from soft tissue that has worn down or has become inflamed. These include:
This is the sort of injury that you typically know when it happens. There is sudden and obvious pain. Such injuries include:
These conditions involve the soft tissues of the hip. Pain can be caused by:
Mild hip pain can be annoying, and there are things you can do at home to relieve symptoms.
If these self-care treatments don’t work or your pain gets worse, call your doctor. The doctor may prescribe medication, perform tests such as X-rays or discuss physical therapy with you. You should also seek immediate medical care if:
If home remedies aren’t working, or your pain is getting worse or interfering with daily life, your health care team may talk to you about nonsurgical and surgical options for dealing with your specific hip pain.
Your doctor might recommend you start with a nonsurgical treatment for hip pain, unless surgery is absolutely necessary. These may include:
If home remedies and nonsurgical options are not effective, your health care team may recommend hip surgery.
Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure to diagnose and treat certain hip conditions, such as labral tears or loose bodies. Samuel D. Carter, M.D., orthopedic surgeon with Norton Orthopedic Institute, has a series of videos about arthroscopy for the hip.
A total or partial replacement of the hip joint with artificial components is a surgical procedure to alleviate pain and improve joint function, typically for severe hip arthritis or fractures.
In hip resurfacing, small amounts of damaged bone or cartilage are trimmed away, and the hip joint surfaces are replaced with metal components, preserving more of the patient’s own bone. This procedure takes less bone from the joint and is typically most effective in younger patients with strong bones. 502-584-7525.
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