Overactive Bladder

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Overactive bladder (OAB) is a sudden and strong urge to urinate that cannot be delayed. This may be accompanied by urinary incontinence, which is the involuntary loss or leakage of urine.

If you believe you are experiencing overactive bladder, Norton Women’s Care offers a wide range of possible treatment options.

Overactive Bladder Symptoms

Overactive bladder symptoms include:

  • Nocturia – awaking two or more times a night to urinate
  • Frequency – excessive daytime urination (usually eight or more times a day)
  • Urgency – a sudden and intense need to urinate immediately

Overactive Bladder Causes

Overactive bladder occurs when your bladder muscles contract involuntarily, even when there is little urine in your bladder. This creates the urgent need to urinate.

As you age, you’re at increased risk of developing overactive bladder. However, the condition can affect all ages.

Possible causes of overactive bladder include:

  • Back or hip problems
  • Bladder stones or tumors
  • Catheter use
  • Diabetes
  • Low estrogen levels (often due to menopause)
  • Neurological disorders
  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)Weakened bladder or pelvis muscles

Overactive Bladder Treatment

Lifestyle changes often are recommended to manage overactive bladder. These include:

  • Diet (limit caffeine, alcohol, sodium, acidic foods)
  • Losing weight
  • Pelvic floor exercises, such as Kegels
  • Quitting smoking
  • Regular exercise
  • Staying properly hydrated
  • Treating UTIs

Additional treatment options may include bladder retraining and medication.

Norton Urogynecology Center

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