At Norton Neuroscience Institute, we’re committed to caring for patients who’ve suffered some of the most devastating injuries — those affecting the brain, spinal cord or peripheral nerves. Our team of neurological trauma specialists uses the most advanced treatments and therapies in caring for these injuries, with the goal of minimizing the damage and giving the patient the best possible chance of returning to a full and active life.
Approximately 500,000 people experience brain or spine injuries every year in the United States. These injuries usually are caused by car accidents, falls, sports, recreation or violence. Brain and spinal cord injuries are serious injuries that must be treated quickly and aggressively. The first step in treatment is evaluation or assessment of the injury. Following diagnosis, surgery may be required to relieve bleeding or pressure on the brain or spinal cord. Medications also may be administered to help lower pressure.
Traumatic brain injury — also called brain injury or head injury — may happen when there is a blow to the head, such as from a fall, car accident or sports injury. The result of the impact is damage to the brain. Traumatic brain injury also can occur from a penetrating injury, such as a gun or knife wound. This impact can bruise the brain and cause bleeding.
There are different types of brain injury, so damage and prognosis for recovery usually depend on the area of injury and how much damage was caused. If you’ve suffered a mild traumatic brain injury, you may be treated in a hospital emergency room and released. More serious brain injuries can cause disability or death. That’s why every traumatic brain injury should be evaluated as quickly as possible.
Several types of traumatic brain injury can occur after head trauma:
When a traumatic brain injury occurs, there may be mild to severe changes in thinking, speech, movement, personality or other areas. Prompt diagnosis and care may help in recovery. Our neurological specialists will run tests on the brain to diagnose physical changes and the extent of damage these changes may have caused.
The brain controls every thought, behavior and movement, so a traumatic brain injury can have serious consequences. It’s critical that it be evaluated as quickly as possible to determine the severity and extent of the injury, and begin treatment.
Severe brain injuries need emergency treatment to keep damage from getting worse. Following an injury to the brain, there may be swelling and bleeding. Since space inside the skull is limited, this can put increased pressure on the brain. Surgery, medication, rehabilitation or a combination of all three may be needed to treat a traumatic brain injury.
For more information about brain injury services, call Norton Neuroscience Institute at (502) 394-6390 or (800) NEURO-KY.
It’s part of Norton Neuroscience Institute’s goal to care for the whole person, not just the condition.
More patients from Louisville and Southern Indiana seek their neurology and neurosurgery care from Norton Neuroscience Institute’s nationally recognized specialists than any other providers in the area.
Your Norton Neuroscience Institute medical provider has the expertise, experience, diagnostic tools and sophisticated treatments to provide care tailored to your needs.
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